Fiber Optic vs. Copper

In today’s professional networking industry, fiber optic technology is becoming increasingly popular. Choosing fiber optic or copper? Because these are the most popular options in the IT industry, this is one of the most frequently asked questions by business owners. In this digital age, where everything from finances to sales is done online, a reliable internet connection is important for organizations. Your business’s internet connection has an impact on not just your satisfaction but also that of your customers and partners. In this article, we will compare the difference between fiber optic and copper.



Fiber Optic Network vs. Cable Network

1.     Cost

Fiber cable was roughly double the price of copper just a few years ago, but the gap between the two has reduced, and fiber components and hardware have constantly fallen. Fiber optic cable, however, is a better economical solution in the long term when hidden costs, replacement costs, interference, tampering risk, and maintenance are taken into account.

2.     Speed

Cable network download speeds range from 10 to 500 megabits per second (Mbps). It has a 5 to 50 Mbps upload speed range. For most small enterprises and homes, this broadband speed is enough. The cable network’s bandwidth is sufficient for heavy downloads, gaming, and video streaming. However, because it is a shared network, the network speed slows down when traffic is high. During peak-use periods, you should expect a speed drop of up to 25%. Fiber optic internet services are faster than cable internet, with speeds ranging from 250 to 1,000 Mbps in both directions. The fiber network may be accessed by a large number of users at the same time without harming overall performance. This makes it excellent for high volume applications.

3.     Bandwidth

Because copper cable and TDM technology were originally designed for exclusively voice connections, they have restricted bandwidth. The length of a cable connection is likewise limited. Fiber optic, on the other hand, boosts your bandwidth possibilities. Fiber optic internet provides up to 10Gbps of download and upload bandwidth.

4.     Durability

During installation or by accident, copper cable is readily broken. Copper has a low tolerance for tension despite its big bulk. Fiber is smaller, lighter, and more robust than copper cabling, and can only be damaged by deliberate vandalism. However, because fiber is comprised of glass, it must be handled with care. To make it more durable, it’s usually covered in a protective coat.

5.     Reliability

Electromagnetic interference, impedance mismatches, and crosstalk are thought to be responsible for half of all outages in copper cable, yet none of these issues affect fiber cabling, which provides a reliable channel for transferring your data.

6.     Security

Fiber optic cables contain no electrical signals and are nearly impossible to tap into, making your data significantly more secure. Even if a cable is hacked or destroyed, power transmission monitoring can quickly detect it. Copper connections, on the other hand, can still be tapped, affecting your internet speed or even causing your network to be destroyed.

7.     Availability

Almost everyone has access to the cable. You can get cable internet if you can access a television network. The connection can be set up by your television service provider. Although fiber optic networks are not as widely available as cable, they are becoming increasingly popular, particularly in metropolitan areas and cities. Because the fiber optic network necessitates the installation of new cables, it will take time for it to reach rural areas.


Fiber may be the best option for businesses that require the quickest internet connections, have higher bandwidth demands, and require reliability for critical tasks. Fiber can be used for video and telephony applications, as well as server and application hosting. Fiber also provides the fastest speeds over greater distances. As a result, the most discerning consumers should choose for fiber.

Baudcom offers all types of Fiber Optic Cables. For more information, please feel free to contact us.

Post time: 2021-06-09


Lomoveishiy – Finland

I needed those to connect my PC on the third floor to have internet access in that room, and ISP installed their modem on the first floor only. After dropping fiber patch cables, plugged in all cables into these media converters at both sides, and link came up instantly. Was much easier than I thought!

Raymond – USA

Great experience – units worked straight out of the box – just needed plug in cables and we were done. I also like the possibility to enable jumbo frames, while we do not have a need for this feature at the current moment it’s great to have this option.

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