How to Choose Between Glass and Plastic Optical Fiber

Any plastic or glass conduit used to carry light is referred to as an optical fiber. Although the theory behind it is relatively old, it has become a very essential technology in recent years as communications infrastructure has begun to use this fiber to carry data at extraordinarily high rates. Fiber optic communications, on the other hand, offers a wide range of uses in medicine, consumer products, and other fields. High-definition television signals are sent using fiber optic cables.

Fiber optic cables offer many advantages over traditional metal wires, the most important being that signal degradation is greatly reduced. Additionally, it is immune to electromagnetic interference, which can severely hinder the transmission of data along normal metal wires. This also adds an extra measure of safety, as the fiber can withstand electromagnetic pulses that can damage metal cables.

What is Glass Optical Fiber?

Glass fiber is an optical fiber made of glass. Glass fiber optic cables consist of tiny strands of glass that are durable and high temperature resistant, but less resistant to flexibility and accidental breakage. Since glass cores are efficient at transmitting light, significantly increasing the transmission speed, they can be used for long sensing distances. This type of fiber is often ideal for harsh environments, as it can function properly even when subjected to mechanical stress, high temperatures or chemicals.

Glass Optical Fiber

Advantages of Glass Optical Fiber

Applied to longer distance transmission

Durable and high temperature resistant

High transmission speed

Less losses

Can be used in corrosive and wet environments or even vacuum environments

Disadvantages of Glass Optical Fiber

More fragile and easy to break

What is Plastic Optical Fiber?

Plastic optical fiber, also known as polymer optical fiber or POF, is a type of optical fiber that is constructed of plastic rather than glass. PMMA (acrylic) fibers with a silicone resin coating are the most common type of plastic fiber. It’s usually just a single strand of fiber. It adds to the longevity of data connections, as well as lighting, industrial, and decorative uses. Plastic optical fibers play an essential part in data transmission in military communication networks and multimedia equipment because they are an ideal transmission medium for short-distance communication networks.

Plastic Optical Fiber

Advantages of Plastic Optical Fiber

Low material costs and low installation costs for associated components

Flexible yet strong, able to bend farther without breaking

Easy handling and installation, easy to operate

The green or red light of the plastic optical fiber is harmless to the eyes

Disadvantages of Plastic Optical Fiber

Only suitable for short distance transmission

Cannot withstand extreme temperatures

Conclusion

Whether it is plastic optical fiber or glass optical fiber, before choosing, you need to distinguish between them and choose the one that best suits your network needs. This article describes the difference between plastic fibers and glass fibers. Hope it helps you figure out these two fibers.

Baudcom offers all kinds of Fiber Optic related products. For more information, please feel free to contact us.


Post time: 2022-03-25

Testimonials

Lomoveishiy – Finland

I needed those to connect my PC on the third floor to have internet access in that room, and ISP installed their modem on the first floor only. After dropping fiber patch cables, plugged in all cables into these media converters at both sides, and link came up instantly. Was much easier than I thought!

Raymond – USA

Great experience – units worked straight out of the box – just needed plug in cables and we were done. I also like the possibility to enable jumbo frames, while we do not have a need for this feature at the current moment it’s great to have this option.

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