How to Choose Power Cord Types?

Direct current and alternating current are transmitted through power cords. They’re made of copper wire that’s been wrapped in insulating material and then covered in a non-conductive protective layer. Power cords are connectors that connect mains power to devices via wall sockets or extension cords. Almost anywhere that requires AC power, power cords are used. As a result, selecting an appropriate power cord is critical; this article will help you comprehend the power cord.

power cord

What is a Power Cord?

A power cord is a main or line cable with two connection couplers on both ends. Both ends of the power supply and gadget are detachable. It takes on the responsibility of temporarily connecting portable equipment to the mains power cord and can pass through a wall outlet or extension cord with ease. The power cord assembly is made up of three primary components. The first is the cable plug, which is also a male connector that provides electricity when plugged into an AC outlet. On the opposite end, there’s the container. The female connector that connects to the device is known as the receptacle. The main component is the wire, which is made up of insulated wires of various lengths and thicknesses.

power cord

A power cord’s voltage rating, or kilo volts, determines how much power it can transmit. The gauge and length of a power cord determine its load capacity. The amount of current a power cord can carry and whether it will heat up is determined by its thickness or diameter. The voltage drop, or the amount of voltage lost from the connector to the power cord’s end, is determined by the its length. The voltage drop increases with the length of the power cord. Power cords are available in a variety of lengths, colors, and connector types to accommodate a variety of needs and equipment.

Types of Power Cord

NEMA Power Cord

NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) standards are widely used in most North American countries, as well as a few other countries that follow NEMA standards. The NEMA 5 and NEMA 6 series of power cords are available. In the United States, the NEMA 5 series is the most common. It features a three-wire circuit (hot, neutral, and ground) and is rated to carry a maximum voltage of 125 volts, yet it is commonly referred to as a “110 circuit” because it transports about 110 volts. Heavy-duty electricity is supplied to equipment using NEMA 6 series connectors. These are typically 208-volt or 240-volt circuits, which are referred to as “220 circuits.” NEMA 1-15-P and NEMA 5-15-P are the most common of these.

NEMA Power Cord

IEC 60320 Power Cord

Despite the fact that different countries have different power cord types and regulations, IEC 60320 is widely accepted as the international standard. The power cord’s end is on the opposite side of the power plug on the IEC 60320 power cord. Merchants can obtain global compatibility by simply replacing power cords that satisfy these requirements when employing these connectors. The number “320” refers to the power connector’s specification number. From C1 to C24, multiple IEC 60320 power cord types are provided for different current, voltage, and temperature combinations.

IEC 60320 Power Cord

AC Power Cord

An AC power cord is a cable that transmits electricity from a power source to a device or appliance. AC, or alternating current, connecting wire is a cable assembly that includes prongs, housing, and wire termination, as well as wire, polymer or rubber wire jacket, insulation, and plug. The majority of them are powered by various types and voltages of AC. Power cables must fulfill these criteria in order to function effectively because different countries utilize different voltages and frequencies in their AC power sources. The AC plug types span from A to O, and are further broken into subcategories with minor differences.

AC power cord

Other Types

Many European countries, as well as certain countries that follow the CENELEC standard, currently use CEE 7/7 as the de facto plug standard. Other countries have their own plug standards as well. Australia, Brazil, and Japan, for example. However, they all have one thing in common: they may all use the IEC 60320 connector standard.

How to Choose Power Cord

You need to identify the correct plug for the exporting country, although some look similar it doesn’t mean it’s the right cord for the device; you need to confirm the voltage, even in the same country, if the 125 volt cord is wrong plugged into a 220 volt outlet, then it will damage the device.

Baudcom offers all kinds of Fiber Optic Products with Power Cord. For more information, please feel free to contact us.


Post time: 2022-04-15

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