How to Test Splice Loss

When we talk about the methods of testing splice loss, many people would take OTDR (Optical Time Domain Reflectometer) as the best fiber optic equipment to test splice loss. But instead, OTDR is not specifically used to test splice loss. If you use OTDR to test splice loss, the measured loss value will be inaccurate. So in this article, we will talk about how to test splice loss.

Why OTDR is not specifically used to test splice loss?

Firstly, after a fiber is fused, if it is a long distance fiber, the splice loss will be too low for the OTDR to detect on the splice point. Secondly, even if there is a high loss point detected on the fiber, it may be caused by error operation, that is to say the fiber is not spliced correctly. After calibrating the arc, you can clean the fiber and re-splice the fiber.

OTDR testing

OTDR testing

The right step to measure splice loss is as follow:

1. Take out a length of optical fiber.

2. Use a Light Source on one side, and an Optical Power Meter on the other side, to measure the loss of this fiber.

Before Splicing

Before Splicing

3. Cut the optical fiber into two pieces.

Cut the Fiber

Cut the Fiber

4. Use Fiber Fusion Splicer to splice the two pieces of the optical fiber.

Splice the Fiber

Splice the Fiber

5. After splicing, use Light Source and Optical Power Meter to measure the fiber loss again.

After Splicing

After Splicing

6. The subtraction of the two fiber loss values will be the real splice loss of the fiber.

Note:

You should use high precision Light Source and high precision Optical Power Meter, or the value would be inaccurate.

You should keep the output power of Optical Light Source stable and in the same value.

Baudcom offers all types of fiber optic test equipment and fusion splicers. For more information, please feel free to contact us.

 


Post time: 2022-02-25

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